Last updated: 04 March 2018, 13:55
Bruce - Squadron Mascot
and his successors

Artist's Impression

Artist's Impression of Bruce, based on a photograph that appeared in the morning edition of the Birmingham Post, 12 August 1942.  Donated by the artist, David Bloomfield.

For much of 1942, the Squadron’s mascot was a much-loved pedigree Bull Mastiff dog called Bruce. Bruce was originally owned by 102157 Pilot Officer Michael John Mortimer, who was killed on 15 January 1942. His brother, the Rev. J.L. Mortimer, who attended the funeral, gave the dog to Wing Commander Kelly as Squadron mascot.

Evidently Bruce did not appreciate being moved from RAF Coltishall to RAF High Ercall a matter of weeks later. On arrival, having travelled with the road party rather than by air, he wandered away from Dispersals and left the station.[1]

The Operations Record Book entry for 3 March 1942 notes:
Great efforts were made to find him. Through the kindness of the Station Commander, the Station personnel were informed through DRO's [Daily Routine Orders] and through the local Defence Commander, the Military and the Home Guard were informed. Information was also sent to the police at Shrewsbury and Wellington, etc., and an advertisement was inserted in the newspapers.
Thereafter, daily entries in the ORB take on increasingly desperate wording. Then, on the eighth...
News was received from the police at Wellington that a dog answering to the name of 'Bruce' had been found at Shifnall, 17 miles away. P/O Kench [108608 Kench A.S.] immediately went to Shifnall and identified Bruce, who was [back] on the Station to greet the aircrews when they arrived [by air from Coltishall].
Getting from High Ercall to Shifnall all by himself was a pretty good bit of doggie navigation, not far off track for a beeline return to Coltishall – the place he probably regarded as 'home'. In recognition of his prowess, 'Pilot Officer Bruce' was made an honorary member of the Officers Mess.


Bruce in uniform, taken at RAF Honiley in 1942.
Photo credit: Freddie Lammer (1909–2000).

Come the move to North Africa in November 1942, it became necessary to re-home Pilot Officer Bruce. His posting is well documented in The National Archives, where it is recorded that one Bull Mastiff was to move from No.255 Squadron to No.488 Squadron RNZAF, a unit not taking part in Operation Torch.[2] 488 wasn’t any old squadron happening to want a mascot, but one whose Commanding Officer - Richard Trousdale - was a former member of 255’s Officers Mess. Dog knew man and man knew dog.

A photograph in The Reg Mitchell Collection[3] shows Bruce still with No.488 Squadron in January 1944, by then located at RAF Bradwell Bay in Essex. There he enjoyed the company of another dog, a petite Spaniel bitch called Becky. Sometime before No.488 Squadron went to France in November 1944, Bruce was reportedly "retired to a local Radar Station", but it is not clear when this happened or exactly where Bruce went.[4]

The Squadron’s dog in Italy

Photo : Wilbur and Stew

A tug-of-war at Grottaglie. Human: "Stew" Stewart, Dog: Wilbur
Photo © George Wiseman Eley (1908–1982).

Somewhere in Sicily or the southern mainland of Italy, the Squadron acquired another dog – a mongrel, somehow named after the Squadron's long-serving Engineering Officer. Very different in character from Bruce, for many in the Squadron this pet nevertheless assumed the "shoulder to cry on" role that had been lacking in North Africa. It was needed, especially when friends were reported killed or missing, but the general decline in religious observance that had taken place in England (especially) since the First World War meant that fewer members of the armed forces turned to padres in times of emotional trouble. Cosmo Lang[5] may, in his view of the world, have saved the Monarchy by engineering the abdication of King Edward VIII, but it had cost the church many devout followers. There may even have been, amongst the Squadron, those who subscribed to the view that the whole war might have been avoided had Edward VIII remained monarch, seeing (rightly or wrongly) the lost possibility of a compact with Germany that could have taken the steam out of Lebensraum, the fundamental issue underlying German expansionism.

Any such nagging doubts about the whole conflict would not have concerned the dog; stressed aircrew could 'unload' onto him without feeling a need to subscribe to any pre-requisite beliefs or to adhere to any political correctness. This role of animals in war has passed largely unrecognised. They were a reminder of normality and, for many, of home too. Next time you are passing along Park Lane in London, please pause for a moment at the Animals in War Memorial and remember this hidden psychological role that such animals played.

The same dog appears in photographs taken at both Grottaglie and Foggia Main. Apparently he moved between the sites with ease, begging the question "Did he fly?". For now, that remains a definite maybe.

Citations and Footnotes

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1. ^ TNA : AIR27/1518 folio 67 et seq.
2. ^ TNA : AIR27/1518 folio 108 side 1.
3. ^ Photo archive of the late NZ416812 Flying Officer Reginald Walter Mitchell (1921–2013) of 488 Squadron RNZAF.
4. ^ Draft of the history of No.488 Squadron, extract here courtesy of the author, Graham Clayton. (Pers. Corr.)
5. ^ William Cosmo Gordon Lang (1864–1945), 1st Baron Lang of Lambeth, the Church of England’s Archbishop of Canterbury 1928–1942.

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